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ffmpeg

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The LinuxServer.io team brings you another container release featuring :-

  • regular and timely application updates
  • easy user mappings (PGID, PUID)
  • custom base image with s6 overlay
  • weekly base OS updates with common layers across the entire LinuxServer.io ecosystem to minimise space usage, down time and bandwidth
  • regular security updates

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FFmpeg - A complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video.

ffmpeg

Supported Architectures

We utilise the docker manifest for multi-platform awareness. More information is available from docker here and our announcement here.

Simply pulling lscr.io/linuxserver/ffmpeg:latest should retrieve the correct image for your arch, but you can also pull specific arch images via tags.

The architectures supported by this image are:

Architecture Available Tag
x86-64 amd64-<version tag>
arm64 arm64v8-<version tag>
armhf arm32v7-<version tag>

Usage

Unlike most of our container library this image is meant to be run ephemerally from the command line parsing user input for a custom FFmpeg command. You will need to understand some Docker basics to use this image and be familiar with how to construct an FFmpeg command. In the commands below we will be bind mounting our current working directory from the CLI to /config, the assumption is that input.mkv is in your current working directory.

If an input file is detected we will run FFmpeg as that user/group so the output file will match its permissions. The image supports Hardware acceleration on x86 pay close attention to the variables for the examples below.

Included Intel Drivers (latest versions compiled):

  • iHD Driver: Supports gen8+ (default for Intel)
  • i965 Driver: Supports gen5+ (for gen5-gen9.5 it can be enabled by setting env var LIBVA_DRIVER_NAME=i965 in docker arguments)
  • Libva (VAAPI): Supports gen5+ with i965 driver and gen8+ with iHD driver
  • Qsv Dispatcher: OneVPL (supports both OneVPL and MSDK runtimes and should automatically switch)
  • Qsv Runtime:
  • OneVPL: Supports gen12+
  • MSDK (libmfx): Supports gen8 - gen12

Basic Transcode

docker run --rm -it \
  -v $(pwd):/config \
  linuxserver/ffmpeg \
  -i /config/input.mkv \
  -c:v libx264 \
  -b:v 4M \
  -vf scale=1280:720 \
  -c:a copy \
  /config/output.mkv

Hardware accelerated (VAAPI) (click for more info)

docker run --rm -it \
  --device=/dev/dri:/dev/dri \
  -v $(pwd):/config \
  linuxserver/ffmpeg \
  -vaapi_device /dev/dri/renderD128 \
  -i /config/input.mkv \
  -c:v h264_vaapi \
  -b:v 4M \
  -vf 'format=nv12|vaapi,hwupload,scale_vaapi=w=1280:h=720' \
  -c:a copy \
  /config/output.mkv

Hardware accelerated (QSV) (click for more info)

docker run --rm -it \
  --device=/dev/dri:/dev/dri \
  -v $(pwd):/config \
  linuxserver/ffmpeg \
  -hwaccel qsv \
  -c:v h264_qsv \
  -i /config/input.mkv \
  -c:v h264_qsv \
  -global_quality 25 \
  /config/output.mkv

Nvidia Hardware accelerated (click for more info)

Nvidia support requires Nvidia container toolkit and the Nvidia drivers installed on the host

docker run --rm -it \
  --runtime=nvidia \
  -v $(pwd):/config \
  linuxserver/ffmpeg \
  -hwaccel nvdec \
  -i /config/input.mkv \
  -c:v h264_nvenc \
  -b:v 4M \
  -vf scale=1280:720 \
  -c:a copy \
  /config/output.mkv

Vulkan support

Vulkan support has been added to x86_64 (tested with Intel and AMD iGPU) (click for more info).

docker run --rm -it \
  --device=/dev/dri:/dev/dri \
  -v $(pwd):/config \
  -e ANV_VIDEO_DECODE=1 \
  linuxserver/ffmpeg \
  -init_hw_device "vulkan=vk:0" \
  -hwaccel vulkan \
  -hwaccel_output_format vulkan \
  -i /config/input.mkv \
  -f null - -benchmark

Note: Vulkan supports three drivers: - ANV: To enable for Intel, set the env var ANV_VIDEO_DECODE=1 - RADV: To enable on AMD, set the env var RADV_PERFTEST=video_decode - NVIDIA: To enable on Nvidia, install Nvidia Vulkan Beta drivers on the host per this article

Building locally

If you want to make local modifications to these images for development purposes or just to customize the logic:

git clone https://github.com/linuxserver/docker-ffmpeg.git
cd docker-ffmpeg
docker build \
  --no-cache \
  --pull \
  -t linuxserver/ffmpeg:latest .

The ARM variants can be built on x86_64 hardware using multiarch/qemu-user-static

docker run --rm --privileged multiarch/qemu-user-static:register --reset

Once registered you can define the dockerfile to use with -f Dockerfile.aarch64.

Versions

  • 08.06.24: - Bump ffmpeg, fribidi, libdrm, mesa and vpx.
  • 26.05.24: - Rebase to Ubuntu Noble. Bump libass, libharfbuzz and vulkan-sdk.
  • 22.05.24: - Bump Mesa to 24.1.0.
  • 20.05.24: - Bump libsvtav1.
  • 09.05.24: - Bump libaom, fribidi, kvazaar, various Intel drivers and libs, Mesa, opus, shaderc, webp and x265.
  • 11.04.24: - Explicitly disable libdrm on aarch64, add new lib libxcb-shm0. Add quick test at the end of build.
  • 10.04.24: - Compile ffmpeg with libfribidi, libharfbuzz and libfontconfig, compile libharfbuzz.
  • 05.04.24: - Bump ffmpeg to 7.0, bump libdovi, libva, mesa and vulkan-sdk.
  • 16.03.24: - Bump libaom, mesa, openjpeg, opus, shaderc and svtav1.
  • 11.02.24: - Add Zimg support.
  • 09.02.24: - Bump ffmpeg to 6.1.1, bump other deps.
  • 08.02.24: - Enable cuda-llvm, clean up rustc.
  • 01.02.24: - Bump Mesa to v24.
  • 21.01.24: - Add alsa support.
  • 18.01.24: - Let the wrapper pass the ffmpeg exit code to docker run. Bump various libs.
  • 01.01.24: - Add rav1e support. Bump libaom, fdkaac, libdrm, libvmaf, libvpl, mesa and svt-av1.
  • 06.12.23: - Add libplacebo and libdobi to x86_64.
  • 05.12.23: - Bump Mesa. Fix vdpau. Fix AMD VAAPI.
  • 25.11.23: - Compile Mesa from source. Add proper Vulkan support (env var ENABLE_VULKAN=true no longer needed)(tested with Intel).
  • 22.11.23: - Add shaderc and (preliminary) Vulkan support (via env var ENABLE_VULKAN=true) to x86_64. Bump Intel drivers and other libs.
  • 13.11.23: - Bump FFmpeg to 6.1.
  • 02.11.23: - Remove --enable-small from ffmpeg build options to add back some features.
  • 05.10.23: - Add support for SVT-AV1. Update various libraries.
  • 16.08.23: - Added support for WebP formats.
  • 11.08.23: - Add optional i965 driver for gen5+ support.
  • 14.06.23: - Switch to latest iHD for Intel, add qsv support.
  • 13.06.23: - Bump to 6.0, update shared libraries, deprecate armhf, combine bin stage.
  • 14.12.22: - Rebase to Jammy, bump to 5.1.2.
  • 19.06.22: - Rebase to Focal.
  • 26.08.21: - Add support for libOpenCL.
  • 01.07.21: - Bump to 4.4.
  • 17.06.20: - Bump to 4.3.
  • 16.06.20: - Add support for libvmaf.
  • 01.08.19: - Initial release.